This is most famous for a real life drama: the execution of Charles I, which took place here in 1649 to the ‘dismal, universal groan’ of the crowd. On 30th January 1649, Charles I passed beneath the Rubens ceiling that he had commissioned to glorify the monarchy, and onto a scaffold where he was beheaded. Sir Peter Paul Rubens breath-taking canvases have survived flooding, fire and war. It is nothing short of a miracle that you can still enjoy them in their original setting, just as Kings, Queens and Courtiers have done for the past 400 years.